Natural hazards are the threat of naturally occurring events that may have a negative effect on people or the environment. They include earthquakes and extreme weather events such as storms, floods, and landslides.
Natural hazards as they relate to a building consent are referred to in the Building Act 2004 as:
- erosion (including coastal erosion, bank erosion and sheet erosion)
- falling debris (including soil, rock snow and ice)
- inundation (including flooding, overland flow, storm surge, tidal effects and ponding) and
A Land Information Memorandum (LIM) or Project Information Memorandum (PIM) will identify hazards that the Council knows about for a particular land site.